Groupon says its focus is on the bottom line, rather than top-line growth.
Hosting promises to make cross-channel CRM a reality.
Cross-channel customer relationship management has been a buzzword of the retail industry and its vendors for several years. But many CRM initiatives have come to naught because most of today’s largest retail organizations have grown up focused on only one channel or another and the resulting incompatibilities in the way information is captured and stored by point-of-sale, call center and e-commerce systems make integration of customer data costly and cumbersome.
But now, many merchants are turning to hosted CRM programs that work directly with their existing e-commerce and back-office software to develop the integrated databases needed to run sophisticated marketing and customer service programs that will collect and analyze data across channels.
In fact, Jupiter Research estimates that within five years, the market for hosted CRM systems will be double what it is today, with most of the growth coming at the expense of home-grown applications. By 2010, hosted CRM will account for 38% of CRM deployment vs. 19% today. Licensed software operated on-premise will account for 32% of the market vs. 33% today. And home-grown applications will fall to 29% of the market vs. 47% today.
In the hosted model, the CRM database is housed at an offsite server, while in the on-premise model, the retailer purchases CRM software and runs the program itself. In the home-grown model, a retailer builds a CRM program from scratch and runs it in-house. “Hosted CRM clearly is the fastest growing segment of the market,” says Zachary McGeary, associate analyst at JupiterResearch.
When introduced, hosted programs were less costly than traditional CRM software but that lower price came at a cost-they did not offer the same breadth of functions, McGeary says. However, over time hosted vendor applications, while still less expensive, have reached a “relative level of parity” of function with traditional CRM software, he says.
Finding an affordable yet effective CRM program is critical for multi-channel retailers because the key to customer loyalty is to deliver the right product to the right customer at the right time, in whichever channel she is shopping, says Mark H. Goldstein, CEO of Loyalty Labs Inc.
No more siloing
But unless a multi-channel retailer can gather information on a customer’s activity across the store, web site, catalog and mobile operations, it won’t have the complete picture needed to make the targeted offers that build loyalty, he says.
That means the retailer could end up recommending the wrong products or fail to recognize a discount offer the customer may have earned on the web. “You can’t just have a CRM system for Internet customers,” says Goldstein, the former head of Kmart Corp.’s Bluelight.com. “If you’ve got a bunch of stores, it gets all screwed up because the store systems don’t recognize what the web system recognizes.”
That was the case at H2OPlus.com, a multi-channel retailer of sea-derived skin care products, which launched a store-based loyalty program in 2001. The retailer soon realized that while the program benefited its retail stores, it had no impact on web site sales. “We were siloing our customers’ information,” says Jim McLaughlin, director of business development. “There was no portability between the stores and the web of the loyalty benefits that come with the program.”
That led H2O Plus to develop a loyalty program that would award points based on both online and offline purchases and enable customers to redeem awards in both channels. H2O Plus has about 30 stores in the U.S. and Canada and sells over 400 SKUs. About a third of H2O Plus’s 400,000 customers shop at its web site.
Marketing company Elevation Inc. set up the multi-channel program by leveraging Microsoft SQL server and other Microsoft technologies already used by H2O Plus to set up a data warehouse for all online and offline customer and sales data. “We tried to utilize a lot of the tools they had already paid for to reduce ongoing costs and software and licensing fees,” says Adam Heneghan, Elevation president and cofounder.
Under the program, H2O Plus uses SQL Analysis Server to segment and analyze customer data through Office XP and ASP.Net, and Commerce Server Business Desk and Excel to access the reports. Data feeds automatically into the system as the customer makes purchases online, at the store, or through the catalog call center.
H2O collects such information as birthday, skin type and e-mail addresses. The retailer has a 65% e-mail capture rate in its stores.
Similar data warehouses can be set up using almost any of the major commercially available products, says Eric Heneghan, Adam’s brother and CEO and cofounder. “You don’t need any special, magical software,” he says.
Web site and catalog data feed into the warehouse in real time while information from the stores’ POS systems is uploaded as a batch nightly. “In the morning, they would come in and have all of their transactions online as of yesterday,” Adam Heneghan says.
Elevation developed the batch process in conjunction with H2O Plus’s POS system provider.
A complete profile
H2O Plus employees can view the data using the online analytical processing-known as “OLAP”-reporting capabilities of Microsoft Excel that can segment the information by such categories as purchase tiers, purchase frequency, and channel of purchase. “The OLAP reports are very user friendly for a non-developer, which is ideal for us,” McLaughlin says. “As marketers, we don’t really want to employ a developer every time we want to get some visibility into the information.”
The segmentation capability enables H2O Plus to build a complete profile of each customer, McLaughlin says. “I can tell if they’ve spent less than $100, or between $100 and $200, or between $300 or $400,” he says. “I also can tell if they’re buying once a year, twice a year, three times a year.”
By analyzing that information, H2O Plus gets a comprehensive view of the customer, McLaughlin says. “It allows us to speak to them with a single voice so whether we’re doing e-mail, direct-mail, promotional offers, or what have you, we are able to offer a 360-degree view of the customer,” he says. “That’s been a successful strategy for us from a marketing perspective.”