March 28, 2001, 12:00 AM

In-store deployments of web-enabled kiosks are bringing the clicks closer to the bricks

In-store kiosks are increasingly serving as the bridge between the land of clicks and the kingdom of bricks.


Web-based kiosks, once considered a waste of space and development money, are emerging as one of the hottest trends of the year. “As retailers continue to implement click-and-mortar strategies, kiosks are becoming more important,” says Scott Hardy, managing director at KPMG Consulting Inc., who notes that nearly every major retailer is planning for kiosks. From finding product information to accessing out-of-stock items via a retailer’s web site, retail kiosks are becoming more popular with consumers and all types of retailers from discount stores to bookstores.


It wasn’t always that way. Several years ago when retailers tried to deploy advertising kiosks in stores, the strategy didn’t turn out well. Consumers, unfamiliar with the technology and apprehensive about learning, just weren’t ready. And most people thought that clicks were for home and bricks were for the shopping center.


But with broad acceptance of web-based shopping and the development of multi-channel retail strategies that seek to deliver goods and information to consumers exactly where and when they want them, kiosks have carved a niche as the bridge between the real and virtual worlds. “We wouldn’t have seen this level of activity without the click-and-mortar model,” Hardy says. “With 65% of consumers shopping online, that’s the impetus to get everyone on board with kiosks. That will help bridge the experience.”


Although kiosks are considered an integral part of multi-channel retailing it is too early to tell in most cases if their presence increases sales directly. Most retailers expect enhancing the shopping experience and giving customers another access point to shop or place an order will eventually mean more sales. Since consumers are becoming more accustomed to buying a variety of merchandise via the Internet, kiosks no longer are limited by what they can sell. Some early programs sold only large-ticket or hard-to-stock items such as tool sheds or major appliances. While this is still a good way to sell these items, kiosks are generally more acceptable now for selling any type of item. And a variety of retailers, from apparel stores to general merchandisers, are doing just that.


Dryers via kiosks



Major retailers taking the kiosk route include Kmart Corp., Wal-Mart Stores Inc., Circuit City Stores Inc., Borders Music and Books, J.C. Penney Co. Inc. and The Hudson’s Bay Co., Canada’s largest retailer. Earlier this year, Hudson’s Bay tested custom IBM web-enabled kiosks to see if it could sell items it has not carried before. Its Zellers discount store chain used kiosks to sell large appliances. Hudson’s Bay says the test shows there are no barriers in customers’ minds to buying appliances from the mass market store. “The next phase is to roll these out to all Zellers,” says David Alves, general manager merchandising and marketing for and Hudson’s Bay’s loyalty programs.


Meanwhile, consumer electronics retailer Circuit City is adding kiosks to its new retail store design to allow customers to research products on the web.


To help Borders bookstore customers find titles and in-stock status for books, CDs and movies, the retailer is installing 1,000 kiosks this year with Broomfield, Colo.-based Kiosk Information Systems. In addition to search options, the kiosks, called Title Sleuths, give product recommendations, new releases and store event information. Employees will be able to use the kiosks to customize information for their particular location. Searches will start with the kiosk store’s inventory and gives users the option to order an item from the main fulfillment center. After printing out the order, they can bring it to the information desk to put in their special order. Customers can pick up the item at the store.



Testing a web link



Borders is testing an e-commerce application at about a half dozen stores in which customers can swipe their credit cards to order and pay for items. The orders go via the web to the main fulfillment center, which delivers the items to the customer’s home.


The kiosks also will help customers locate an item in the store and even print out a map of the location. Karla Guarino, director of sales and marketing at Kiosk Information Systems, says Borders sees the kiosks as a labor-saving device.


Since introducing Title Sleuths, Borders has had about 1 million searches per week. Borders says it is installing the kiosks to help customers get more information and help at their stores. “Most of our customers are web users and the kiosks can give them the satisfaction of getting products themselves,” says a spokesperson.


Book, movie and music stores are a good fit for kiosks in particular because of the nature of shopping at those stores, says Guarino. Others in the category are finding kiosks useful. In Canada, Chapters Inc. bookstores worked with Info Touch Technologies Corp. to deploy 300 terminals in 77 Chapters stores. Of 5,200 Chapters customers who use the store kiosks, 37% visit Chapters specifically to use the kiosks and 80% said they would visit the store again to use the kiosk. Chapters considers the kiosk deployment successful and the revenue potential significant.



3,500 new touchpoints



Large discount stores also are beginning to adopt a kiosk strategy. Kmart Corp.’s initial foray into kiosks included a PC-type workstation that consumers used to order non-stocked goods such as swimming pools and tool sheds. In January, in combination with its web site, the company started rolling out one of the country’s largest retail kiosk fleets. More than 3,500 online shopping kiosks are located in 1,100 Kmart stores and the online/offline company plans to expand the kiosk program to all 2,106 stores, says Steve Chaffin, director of in-store marketing for


Following’s “sticky bricks” philosophy of seamlessly integrating the web and standard retail shopping channels, the company’s self service kiosks allow customers to order out-of-stock items from the web site, research products and have larger items such as televisions shipped directly to their homes. “The kiosk is an incredibly powerful tool,” Chaffin says. “What they do for BlueLight and Kmart is make the overall experience in the store better by providing information and better selection. From the web perspective, the kiosk gives 3,500 new touchpoints to the consumer and it’s there when the consumer is ready to shop.”

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