The nation`s PXes used to have a captive audience: Personnel stationed on military bases who took advantage of the discount pricing that PXes offered to military members and their families. But with Wal-Marts, Targets and other discounters near many bases, and the military as wired into online shopping as the general population, the PXes today face a new challenge: keeping up with the rest of the retailing world.
Thus the Army and Air Force Exchange Service has embraced the web for selling to its base of customers and adopted many of the cross-channel marketing techniques that mainline retailers are adopting.
"The Exchange Online Store is one of the best-kept secrets in the multi-channel world," notes Jim Okamura, a Chicago-based senior partner of retail consultancy J.C. Williams Group. "They are a quiet success, and are continuing to grow by finding new ways to promote the site to members and educating them on how to buy online."
Eight years after launching a web version of the Post Exchange, the Army and Air Force Exchange Service is steadily growing online revenues and expanding its inventory. Buoyed by in-store and web-based marketing campaigns and the addition of thousands of new products, AAFES is reporting that its Exchange Online Store in 2004 generated $126 million in sales, up 10% from 2003 and 67% greater than 2002. Even at that level, the web accounted for only 1.6% of the AAFES`s annual revenue of $7.9 billion.
AAFES.com also hosted an average of 1.5 million visits a month in 2004, up 20% from a year earlier. The online store markets 25,000 items to more than 11.5 million AAFES members and ships more than 450,000 orders monthly.
One of the ways that the AAFES has learned to compete online is to offer products from other retailers, much as Amazon invites other retailers to sell in the boutiques at Amazon.com. Starting with Dell Inc. computers in October 2002, AAFES offers thousands of additional items to customers through its Virtual Vendor initiative. More than 45 online retailers, including such major sellers as Dell, FTD.com and BooksAMillion.com, are linked to the AAFES site and offer special deals--such as discounted pricing and free shipping--to members who visit the partners` web pages via the links.
AAFES has processed more than 100,000 orders through the Virtual Vendor system since the beginning. Last year, Virtual Vendors accounted for 24% of all orders at AAFES.com. "Response has been very good," says Mike Westphal, AAFES senior vice president of marketing.
But that`s not the only way that the online PX is expanding inventory. AAFES.com over the past several years has greatly expanded its line of major appliances, computers and peripherals, video games, music, fine jewelry and outdoor living goods, Westphal says.
Many of the newer goods are aimed at younger military personnel who tend to be technologically savvy. Westphal says such items as iPods and MP3 music players are hot sellers, and he scouted for additional products at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas in January.
The Exchange Online Store also is increasingly encouraging members to purchase packages of products instead of individual items. A recent catalog, for instance, illustrated how rugs, chairs, lamps and coffee tables available from the web site would function as a set.
To further spur recurring business, AAFES is enhancing its online customer service while providing financial incentives to web shoppers. The organization is offering free shipping on many orders when members pay with their propriety AAFES credit card, and is enabling online buyers to return unwanted merchandise to any brick-and-mortar facility.
Online chat assistance also is provided 24 hours a day, with approximately 150 staffers manning the call center. Westphal calls customer service a "key competitive differentiator" and says AAFES this year will be refining its procedures and training techniques.
Yet, even though its activity is escalating, the online store faces steep competitive challenges. Because AAFES targets all customer segments, it must contend for business with a powerful and diverse range of retailers with large catalog and online operations.
AAFES has an advantage in being able to more easily obtain detailed customer purchasing data, Okamura says. Because only active and retired military personnel and their dependents are eligible to shop at the online store, and they must have an ID to access the site, AAFES knows the demographics of buyers and can closely track their spending patterns.
Researching for the stores
Such information enables the Exchange Online Store to market items that are most in demand by the different consumer groups, Okamura notes. "The service maintains good records and understands which customers are accessing specific parts of its web site," he says. "That enables them to make better decisions on the types of merchandise that should be offered."
AAFES is also able to leverage its multi-channel presence to market the web site. AAFES typically promotes the site through bag stuffers at checkout, over an in-store radio network broadcast to 660 PXes around the globe, through an in-store television network, in the 15 product catalogs and supplements that are mailed annually to members and via advertising in weekly PX sales tabloids.
While Department of Defense regulations prohibit AAFES from sending e-mail solicitations to customers who do not request such materials, members can visit the web site and sign up for e-mail and direct mail promotions for the online PX. Such materials include a monthly newsletter listing additional brands being carried by the online store, as well as its new retail partners.
Marketing strategies are often crafted in response to customers` buying habits. For instance, Westphal says AAFES in 2004 distributed a catalog featuring major appliances, and created supplements displaying outdoor living and electronics products, as a result of growing member interest in those categories.
The organization leverages the Teradata data warehousing and analytics applications from Dayton, Ohio-based NCR Corp., and monitoring, reporting and analyzing technologies from McLean, Va.-based MicroStrategy Inc.
This year the Exchange Online Store is targeting customers who have not placed an online or catalog order for at least 18 months by sending them a free 600-page catalog that normally sells for $5 "to refresh their memory about the business," Westphal notes.